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Cervical cancer Kanker leher rahim – Say "NO" to Chronic Diseases

Say "NO" to Chronic Diseases

Cervical cancer Kanker leher rahim

Ap aitu kanker leher rahim?

Kanker leher Rahim berkembang sebagai akibat dari perubahan sel secara abnormal di leher Rahim.

Statistics
Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Incidence rate: 8.4 per 100,000 populations, in females

Mortality rate: 1.9 per 100,000 populations in females

(Hong Kong Cancer Registry, 2020)

Pakistan

Pakistan

Incidence rate: 6.1 per 100,000 populations in females

Mortality rate: 4.0 per 100,000 populations in females

(IARC, 2021)

Nepal

Nepal

Incidence rate: 16.4 per 100,000 populations in females

Mortality rate: 11.1 per 100,000 populations in females

(IARC, 2021)

India

India

Incidence rate: 18.0 per 100,000 populations, in females

Mortality rate: 11.4 per 100,000 populations, in females

(IARC, 2021)

Signs and Symptoms

There may not be any symptoms at an early stage

Risk factors of cervical cancer include:
Having multiple sexual partners
Weakened immunity
Human papillomavirus HPV (major cause of cervical cancer)
Use of oral contraceptive for more than 5 years (the risk returns to normal after 10 years of stopping use)
Smoking
Multiple childbirth and young age at first pregnancy
Having sexual intercourse at an early age
Preventive Measures

Practice safer sex: avoid having multiple sex partners and use condoms

Stop smoking
Get HPV vaccination before getting sexually active because vaccination provides protection against certain types of HPV.

Early detection: regular cervical cancer screening