Say "NO" to Chronic Diseases

Colorectal Cancer

What is Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that develops in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start.

Note: Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common.

Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Incidence rate: 35 per 100,000 populations (male & female)

Mortality rate: 12.2  per 100,000 populations (male & female)

(Hong Kong Cancer Registry, 2020)



Incidence rate: 5.3 per 100,000 populations (male & female)

Mortality rate: 3.0 per 100,000 populations (male & female)

(IARC, 2021)



Incidence rate: 4.3 per 100,000 populations (male & female)

Mortality rate: 2.5 per 100,000 populations (male & female)

(IARC, 2021)



Incidence rate: 4.8 per 100,000 populations (male & female)

Mortality rate: 2.8 per 100,000 populations (male & female)

(IARC, 2021)

Signs and Symptoms

Early stage colorectal cancer may not have any symptoms.

Risk Factors
Modifiable: Mainly related to sedentary lifestyle
High consumption of red meat and processed meat
Lack of physical activity
Being obese
Excessive alcohol consumption

Family history of colorectal cancer

  • If your parent, sibling, or children has colorectal cancer, risk of developing the disease increases 2-3 folds.
Hereditary bowel diseases
Prolonged history of inflammation of the bowel
Preventive Measures

Eat high fiber diet such as, vegetables, fruits, whole grain, etc

Reduce consumption of red meat

Do regular exercise (30 minutes every day)

Maintain a healthy body weight

Reduce alcohol intake

Do not smoke