Prostate cancer develops when cells in the prostate start to grow in an uncontrolled way.
- Prostate is a small gland in the pelvis found only in men.
- It is located between the penis and the bladder and surrounds the urethra.
Incidence rate: 27.5 per 100,000 populations in males
Mortality rate: 4.3 per 100,000 populations in males
(Hong Kong Cancer Registry, 2020)
Incidence rate: 6.3 per 100,000 populations in males
Mortality rate: 3.0 per 100,000 populations in males
Incidence rate: 3.0 per 100,000 populations
Mortality rate: 1.5 per 100,000 populations
Incidence rate: 5.5 per 100,000 populations
Mortality rate: 2.7 per 100,000 populations
Incidence rate: 11.6 per 100,000 populations
Mortality rate: 4.5 per 100,000 populations
Prostate cancer and prostate enlargement has similar urinary symptoms.
Age: Risk increases with age
Family medical history
- If your parent, sibling, or children has prostate cancer, you are at a higher risk of developing the disease.
Two main tests are performed for prostate cancer screening
- Digital rectal exam (DRE): The doctor or nurse inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum and feels the prostate to check for anything abnormal.
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: PSA test is performed to check the level of PSA in the blood.
Department of Health (2017). Prostate cancer prevention and screening. Retrieved at：https://www.chp.gov.hk/files/pdf/5_prostate_cancer_prevention_and_screening_eng.pdf
Eat more vegetables and fruits
Do regular exercise (30 minutes every day)
Reduce alcohol intake
Do not smoke
Maintain a healthy body weight