Say "NO" to Chronic Diseases


What is osteoarthritis(OA)?

Osteoarthritis(OA) is a disease of joints affecting almost all people as they get older. Sometimes, it also affects young people.

breakdown of cartilage → bones rub against each other → Pain, stiffness and loss of movement

Signs and Symptoms
  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Loss of movement
  • Swelling
  • Redness and warm
Risk Factors
Modifiable risk factors
Non-modifiable risk factors
Being obese
  • Age: Risk of developing OA increases with age.
  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop OA than men, especially after age 50
  • Family medical history: People who have family members with OA are more likely to develop OA.
How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?

Osteoarthritis is diagnosed by a patient’s sign and symptoms and X-ray findings.

Preventive Measures
Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) Healthy BMI should be between 18.5 – 22.9Kg/m2

Do regular exercise (30 min every day)

Prevent occupational injury

  • Proper management of related injuries can help prevent osteoarthritis.