What is osteoarthritis(OA)?
Osteoarthritis(OA) is a disease of joints affecting almost all people as they get older. Sometimes, it also affects young people.
breakdown of cartilage → bones rub against each other → Pain, stiffness and loss of movement
Signs and Symptoms
- Loss of movement
- Redness and warm
Modifiable risk factors
Non-modifiable risk factors
- Age: Risk of developing OA increases with age.
- Gender: Women are more likely to develop OA than men, especially after age 50
- Family medical history: People who have family members with OA are more likely to develop OA.
How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?
Osteoarthritis is diagnosed by a patient’s sign and symptoms and X-ray findings.
Maintain a healthy body weight
- Body Mass Index (BMI) Healthy BMI should be between 18.5 – 22.9Kg/m2
Do regular exercise (30 min every day)
Prevent occupational injury
- Proper management of related injuries can help prevent osteoarthritis.