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Hypertension (High blood pressure)

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure (upper reading) higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic (lower reading) higher than 90mmHg.

Categories of hypertension
Blood pressure category Systolic (upper reading) Diastolic (lower reading) Action
Lower than 120
Lower than 80
Keep it up
120 - 139
80 - 89
Make healthy lifestyle changes
Hypertension (High blood pressure)
Above 140
Above 90
Consult your doctor and start medication
Signs and Symptoms

Hypertension does not normally cause symptoms unless it is very high.

If blood pressure is very high, patients may experience:

  • Headaches
  • Visual disturbance
  • Seizures
Risk Factors
Modifiable risk factors
Non-modifiable risk factors
Lack of physical activity
  • Age
  • Family medical history
  • Gender
Unhealthy diet (e.g. high salt intake)
Being obese
Excessive alcohol intake
How is hypertension diagnosed

Regular blood pressure monitoring: 2 – 3 high readings at several medical appointments to diagnose high blood pressure.

Complications of High blood pressure
Preventive Measures
Preventive measures are focused on reducing modifiable risk factors.

Do regular exercise: At least 30 minutes every day, 5 times a week.

Eat a healthy diet: reduce high intake of salt and fat

Maintain a healthy body weight

Reduce alcohol intake

Stop Smoking