Osteoarthritis


What is osteoarthritis(OA)?

Osteoarthritis(OA) is a disease of joints affecting almost all people as they get older. Sometimes, it also affects young people.

breakdown of cartilage bones rub against each other Pain, stiffness and loss of movement

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Loss of movement
  • Swelling
  • Redness and warm

Risk factors

Modifiable

  • Being obese

Non-modifiable

  • Age: Risk of developing OA increases with age.
  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop OA than men, especially after age 50
  • Family medical history: People who have family members with OA are more likely to develop OA.

How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?

Osteoarthritis is diagnosed by a patient’s sign and symptoms and X-ray findings.

Preventive measures

  • Maintain a healthy weight
    • Body Mass Index (BMI)

      Healthy BMI should be between 18.5 – 22.9Kg/m²

  • Do regular exercise (30 min every day)
  • Prevent occupational injury
    • Proper management of related injuries can help prevent osteoarthritis.