What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure (upper reading) higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic (lower reading) higher than 90mmHg.
Categories of hypertension
|Blood pressure category||Systolic
|Normal||Lower than 120||Lower than 80||Keep it up|
|Prehypertension||120 – 139||80 – 89||Make healthy lifestyle changes|
|Hypertension (High blood pressure)||Above 140||above 90||Consult your doctor and start medication|
Hypertension does not normally cause symptoms unless it is very high.
If blood pressure is very high, patients may experience:
- Visual disturbance
- Lack of physical activity
- Unhealthy diet (e.g. high salt intake)
- Being obese
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Family medical history
How is hypertension diagnosed?
Regular blood pressure monitoring: 2 – 3 high readings at several medical appointments to diagnose high blood pressure.
Complications of High blood pressure
Preventive measures are focused on reducing modifiable risk factors.
- Do regular exercise: At least 30 minutes every day, 5 times a week.
- Eat a healthy diet: reduce high intake of salt and fat
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Reduce alcohol intake
- Stop smoking